Antimicrobial resistance is a growing global health threat that is only set to get worse if no action is taken, so it is very welcome news that this new and effective antibiotic has now been. Optimum time for summer moong cultivation is from march to april. Optimum time for kharif sowing is first fortnight of july. Comparatively, the production cost for green gram cultivation is low and higher consumer demand is fetching a premium market price for the green gram despite. Two types of cultivation processes like bioaccelerated and conventional farming system were adopted for the study.
Global and regional trends in production, trade and. Achieving self sufficiency in pulse production r s shanthakumar hopper and k thachinamurthy pulse panchayat is an integrated approach in establishing a sustainable production, value addition and marketing system. The initiative implemented by a farmer producer company in tamil nadu, is moving towards achieving self sufficiency in pulse production. Sprouted green gram, sometimes called mung or moong beans, is an excellent source of lowfat protein and fibre. Plant nursery project report for bank loan in india. Cultivation of resistant genotypes is an effective and cheaper method to combat the disease. It is grown in about 36 lakh hectares with the total production of about. Common name of green gram is mung, mung bean, golden gram. Greengram ikisan agriculture information resource to.
Com find the most recent data information about selected statewise production, yield, area and harvesting seasons of moong in india growth statistics details figures 1950 to 2012. Green gram also known as moong is one of the main pulse crop of india. Cultivation of pulses, with relatively less expense in cost of cultivation and increased demand for domestic consumption and export, has increased substantially from 0. Global and regional trends in production, trade and consumption of food legume crops sitou akibode and mywish maredia i. Present status, bottleneck and way forward anil kumar singh, ss singh1, ved prakash, santosh kumar and sk dwivedi icarresearch complex for eastern region, patna, bihar, india abstract india is the still by and large vegetarian in dietary habit and heavily depends upon vegetative. First step is land preparation that is fertile land is selected then. Green gram is grown mainly on smallholdings, often as mixed crops or intercrops. Dried seeds are cooked or milled into flour, while the crop residues are used as fodder or in making green manure. In india there has been a four times increase in the production of food grains from 1960 to 2004 with only 25% increase in the cultivable land area. It is grown over on an area of 30084 hectares with a production of 10232 tonnes in 20002001. India is the major producer of green gram in the world and grown in almost all the. Rhizobium at the rate of 25gram per kg of seed is beneficial. India ranks first among worlds mango producing countries accounting for about 50% of the worlds mango production. Pdf growth and yield of green gram vigna radiata as.
Introduction food legume2 crops represent an important component of agricultural food crops consumed in developing countries and are considered a vital crop for achieving food and nutritional security for both poor. It can be cultivated as kharif as well as summer crop. Field preparation field is prepared by one or two ploughing followed by two or three cross. In india, green gram is one of the most widely cultivated pulse crops. Growth and production of pulses encyclopedia of life. It was identified in 1983 for the cultivation in northern plains ande eastern zone. Genotypes against major diseases in green gram and black. Rainfed lowlands yala mono culture intercropping green gram group no. Get diseases of green gram and blackgram 1st edition pdf file for free from our online library pdf file. Green gram is very sensitive to water logging conditions. Cultivation of mango is believed to have originated in s.
Annual report 201617 as compared to last years kharif foodgrains production of 124. This warm season legume is a native of india and is still grown on a large acreage there. Grains are also eaten whole after germinating them, parched, salted, with sugar or boiled with condiments. The grains whole or split are used as a pulse or made into flour, and into straw and husk as fodder for cattle. Black gram and green gram cultivation gains momentum. Socio economic factors affecting the productivity of green. Green gram major and minor pests, their local control, chemical and biocontrol, observations taken with rainfall data, and conclusion at the last. Bengal, india during 201112 with a view to find out the impact of cultivation practices on the incidence of insectpests of rice and green gram under terai agroecology of west bengal. Sprouted mung bean seeds are eaten raw or cooked as a vegetable. Its an upright bushy plant that can grow to a height of 30 120cm. The agroclimatic conditions are suitable for perennial fruit crops like mango, citrus, guava, banana, vegetables and flowers etc. Associated crops are usually of longer duration than green gram sugarcane, cotton, sorghum.
Major irrigation schemes yala ricelegume system green gram can be grown as a relay crop before the on set of yala rains or with rainfall during yala season 4. Benefits of increasing the green gram production would be two fold. Chickpeas are rich in protein, complex carbohydrates, and fiber, while low in fat and cholesterol. Green gram growing and cultivation practices asia farming. Green gram vignaradiata is also called as mung bean, golden gram. Green gram can be grown on a variety of soils ranging from sandy loam to black cotton soils having good drainage capacity. Often called green gram or golden gram in international publications, it is also cultivated in several countries of asia, africa, and south america. So depending on what exactly you are searching, you will be able to choose ebooks to suit your own needs. Green gram phaseolus aureus roxb is important pulse crops. Green gram is one of the main pulse crops in india. India produces variety of pulses including chickpea 39. Home agriculture agricultural production foodgrains pulses moong green gram. Green gram vigna radiata belonging to the fabaceae family is an annual leguminous crop which is grown for its seeds, which are a high source of nutrients.
To make use of a short cropping period, shortduration green gram is often relaycropped. The present study, in randomized block design with green gram as test crop. Statewise production of moong in india growth statistics. There is a vast scope for enhancing the area under fruit crops from the existing 3. The common component crops are red gram arhar in andhra pradesh, bajra and red gram in gujarat, red gram and jowar in madhya pradesh. The crop is easy to cultivate and can grow up to a height of 30120cm, producing pods. Guidelines for the conduct of test for distinctiveness. It has been reported that green gram has been cultivated in india since ancient times. Area, production and yield of green gram in india for the last three years are given as under table no. Saline and alkaline soils are not suitable for green gram cultivation.
Growth and yield of green gram vigna radiata as affected by rowspacing and foliar application of nutrients article pdf available in research on crops 2. Stevia cultivation project report, cost and profit. The cultivation of pulses such as black gram and green gram has gained. Green gram mung bean or moong botanical name vigna. Iii growth and production of pulses virender sardana, pushp sharma and parvender sheoran encyclopedia of life support systems eolss species, of which only a few species are cultivated for human nutrition. Unesco eolss sample chapters soils, plant growth and crop production vo. Hence, several genotypes need to be screened to identify the source of resistance. Today, we learn the topic of green gram cultivation practices or farming methods of a green gram or moong bean cultivation. Pdf green gram is the third important pulse crop of india grown in nearly 8 per cent of the total pulse area of the country. Molecular characterization of green gram vigna radiata l.
It is a rich source of protein along with fibre and iron. Evaluation of an organic package of practice towards green gram. Mango is being cultivated in southern asia for nearly six thousand years. It is also rich in digestive enzymes, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. Green gram cultivation information guide agri farming. Moong cultivation greengram crop cultivation guide greengram. Immature pods and young leaves are eaten as a vegetable. Food availability, broad leaf, cultivation of medium and local varieties, weather condition, breeding habits close flowering are responsible for outbreak in the region. The present study attempted to estimate the extent of adoption of improved production technology, impact of the green gram technologies on employment and income pattern, the yield gap of green. Pdf a manual for mungbean greengram production in uganda. Major exportable varieties of pulses are black gram, green gram, pigeon pea, soybean, butter bean, cowpea and kidney bean. Wilczek and their management 199 the soap industry. Hence, an attempt was made to identify resistant genotypes against major diseases in green gram and black gram. Wilczek is the most important legume pulse crop in india after chickpea and pigeonpea.
It is used as an ingredient in both savory and sweet dishes. These test guidelines shall apply to all varieties, hybrids and parental lines of green gram vigna radiata l. The mung bean vigna radiata, alternatively known as the green gram, maash persian. India is the primary green gram producer and contributes to about 75 per cent of the world pulses production. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. It can also be grown in both springsummer and kharif season. Total production of kharif rice is estimated at record level of 93. Chickpea is a potential rotational crop and fits well in wheat and barley cropping systems. Green gram is popularly known as moong dal in india and is basically a tiny circular shaped bean that is green in color. The mung bean is mainly cultivated in east asia, southeast asia and the indian subcontinent. Yet few have seen the crop growing or know where it is produced.1040 39 86 787 321 319 755 360 794 1067 680 682 1184 1503 658 813 382 928 653 823 832 676 1050 1207 1550 220 202 902 1479 290 1510 993 84 377 1545 1013 1445 1085 1356 590 923 1162 1472 912 1425 605